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React

React JS instructions for new library released April 2021

NOTE: This new library does not yet have Typescript support. Please use the instructions here to configure rollbar-react for a Typescript application.

Setup Instructions

This guide will help you understand the new structure of the rollbar-react library. It is designed to be more aligned with React development best practices.

Prerequisites

You will need an active Rollbar account and a post_server_item access token from a new project - you can create a new project by doing one of the following:

You need to install the rollbar.js library, it is used by the react library. Browser setup instructions and Server setup instructions are both available in the docs.

Install Rollbar React SDK

To install with npm:

npm install @rollbar/react

To install with yarn:

yarn add @rollbar/react

To install by adding to package.json, add the following to your project's
package.json file:

  …
  "dependencies": {
    "@rollbar/react": "^0.8.0",
    …
  }
  …

then run either using npm or yarn (or other package manager):

npm install
# OR
yarn install

Usage and Reference

Below is a simplified code example with a Provider and an ErrorBoundary. This is the most rudimentary implementation of the new library:

import React from 'react';
import { Provider, ErrorBoundary } from '@rollbar/react'; // <-- Provider imports 'rollbar' for us

// same configuration you would create for the Rollbar.js SDK
const rollbarConfig = {
  accessToken: 'POST_CLIENT_ITEM_ACCESS_TOKEN',
  environment: 'production',
  server: {
    root: "http://example.com/",
    branch: "main"
    },
    code_version: "0.13.7",
    person: {
      id: 117,
      email: "[email protected]",
      username: "john-halo"
    }
  }
};

export default function App() {
  return (
    {/* Provider instantiates Rollbar client instance handling any uncaught errors or unhandled promises in the browser */}
    <Provider config={rollbarConfig}>
      {/* ErrorBoundary catches all React errors in the tree below and logs them to Rollbar */}
      <ErrorBoundary>
        // all other app providers and components - Rollbar will just work
        …
      </ErrorBoundary>
    </Provider>
  );
};

Components

The following components are available as named imports from @rollbar/react.

Provider Component

The Provider component is used to wrap your React App so an instance of Rollbar will be made available within your React tree. This is a common pattern in React using a custom React Context that is available to the Components and hooks from this SDK library.

Configuration Only Usage

The simplest way to use the Provider is to provide a configuration as the config prop which will instantiate an instance of Rollbar for you and provide that to its child tree:

import React from 'react';
import { Provider } from '@rollbar/react';

// same configuration you would create for the Rollbar.js SDK
const rollbarConfig = {
  accessToken: 'POST_CLIENT_ITEM_ACCESS_TOKEN',
  environment: 'production',
};

export function App(props) {
  return (
    <Provider config={rollbarConfig}>
      …
    </Provider>
  );
}

Instance Usage

Sometimes you may need to instantiate an instance of Rollbar before adding it to your App tree. In that case use the instance prop to pass it to the Provider like this:

import React from 'react';
import Rollbar from 'rollbar';
import { Provider } from '@rollbar/react';

// same configuration you would create for the Rollbar.js SDK
const rollbarConfig = {
  accessToken: 'POST_CLIENT_ITEM_ACCESS_TOKEN',
  environment: 'production',
};

const rollbar = new Rollbar(rollbarConfig);

export function App(props) {
  return (
    <Provider instance={rollbar}>
      …
    </Provider>
  );
}

This method will also work with the global Rollbar instance when using the Rollbar.init(…) method.

React Native Usage

Rollbar provides a React Native SDK which also wraps the Rollbar.js to provide React Native capabilities based on that specific environment.

To use the Rollbar React SDK with the React Native SDK, pass the instance that it generates to the Provider's instance prop, like this:

import React from 'react';
import { Client } from 'rollbar-react-native';
import { Provider } from '@rollbar/react';

const rollbarClient = new Client('POST_CLIENT_ITEM_ACCESS_TOKEN');

export function App(props) {
  return (
    <Provider instance={rollbarClient.rollbar}>
      …
    </Provider>
  );
}

ErrorBoundary Component

Rollbar's React SDK provides a new ErrorBoundary component which implements the interface for React's Error Boundaries introduced in React 16. The ErrorBoundary is used to wrap any tree or subtree in your React App to catch React Errors and log them to Rollbar automatically.

The ErrorBoundary relies on the Provider above for the instance of Rollbar, so it will utilize
whatever configuration has been provided.

Simple Usage

You can add an ErrorBoundary component to the top of your tree right after the Provider with no additional props:

import React from 'react';
import { Provider, ErrorBoundary } from '@rollbar/react';

// same configuration you would create for the Rollbar.js SDK
const rollbarConfig = {
  accessToken: 'POST_CLIENT_ITEM_ACCESS_TOKEN',
  environment: 'production',
};

export function App(props) {
  return (
    <Provider config={rollbarConfig}>
      <ErrorBoundary>
        …
      </ErrorBoundary>
    </Provider>
  );
}

Pass props to control behavior

The ErrorBoundary provides several props that allow customizing the behavior of how it will report errors to Rollbar. These props take either a value or a function that will be invoked with the error and info from the Error Boundaries API's componentDidCatch method (i.e. signature is (error, info)).

import React from 'react';
import { Provider, ErrorBoundary, LEVEL_WARN } from '@rollbar/react';

// same configuration you would create for the Rollbar.js SDK
const rollbarConfig = {
  accessToken: 'POST_CLIENT_ITEM_ACCESS_TOKEN',
  environment: 'production',
};

export function App(props) {
  return (
    <Provider config={rollbarConfig}>
      <ErrorBoundary level={LEVEL_WARN} errorMessage="Error in React render" extra={(error, info) => info.componentStack.includes('Experimental') ? { experiment: true } : {} }>
        …
      </ErrorBoundary>
    </Provider>
  );
}

Pass a Fallback UI

You may also include a Fallback UI to render when the error occurs so that the User does not experience a broken/blank UI caused during the render cycle of React. Like the other props it can accept a value that is a React Component or a function that returns a React Component with the same signature (error, info).

import React from 'react';
import { Provider, ErrorBoundary, LEVEL_WARN } from '@rollbar/react';

// same configuration you would create for the Rollbar.js SDK
const rollbarConfig = {
  accessToken: 'POST_CLIENT_ITEM_ACCESS_TOKEN',
  environment: 'production',
};

const ErrorDisplay = ({ error, resetError }) => ( // <-- props passed to fallbackUI component
  <div>…</div>
);

export function App(props) {
  return (
    <Provider config={rollbarConfig}>
      <ErrorBoundary level={LEVEL_WARN} fallbackUI={ErrorDisplay}>
        …
      </ErrorBoundary>
    </Provider>
  );
}

RollbarContext Component

Use the RollbarContext component to declaratively set the context value used by Rollbar.js when sending any messages to Rollbar. This works for your ErrorBoundary from above or any other log or message sent to Rollbar while the RollbarContext is mounted on the tree.

Like ErrorBoundary above, RollbarContext relies on a Provider for an instance of a Rollbar.js client.

Basic Usage

To use the RollbarContext component you must provide the context prop. This prop is a String value, and it will be used by Rollbar.js to set the context for Rollbar occurrences reported from this part of your code.

import React from 'react';
import { RollbarContext } from '@rollbar/react';

function HomePage() {
  return (
    <RollbarContext context="home">
      …
    </RollbarContext>
  )
}

Using with React Router

It's useful to set the context in Rollbar associated with areas of your application. On the server it's usually set when a specific page is requested. For single-page applications (SPAs) like React Apps, using RollbarContext with your Router is one way to achieve the same result.

Below is an example of using RollbarContext with [React Router] if you have a top level set of routes:

import React from 'react';
import { Router, Switch, Route } from 'react-router-dom';
import { RollbarContext } from '@rollbar/react';
import { About, ContactDetails, ContactsList } from './pages';

const Routes = () => (
  <Router>
    <Switch>
      <Route path="/about">
        <RollbarContext context="/about">
          <About />
        </RollbarContext>
      </Route>
      <Route path="/contacts/:id">
        <RollbarContext context="contacts/details">
          <ContactDetails />
        </RollbarContext>
      </Route>
      <Route path="/contacts">
        <RollbarContext context="contacts">
          <ContactsList />
        </RollbarContext>
      </Route>
    </Switch>
  </Router>
)

export default Routes;

And another example of using RollbarContext within a component that manages its own route:

import React from 'react';
import { Route } from 'react-router-dom';
import { RollbarContext } from '@rollbar/react';

export default function About(props) {
  return (
    <Route path="/about">
      <RollbarContext context="/about">
        …
      </RollbarContext>
    </Route>
  )
}

Functions

The following functions are available as named imports from @rollbar/react.

historyContext to create history.listener

Many SPAs and React Apps will use the history package to handle browser history. The
historyContext function is a helper that creates a valid listener function to receive history changes and use those to change the Rollbar.js context.

historyContext is a factory function used to create a proper history.listen callback that will work for v4 and v5 of the history package.

Basic historyContext usage

The historyContext factory function requires an instance of Rollbar.js to wrap in order to create the listener callback function.

By default, if no options (see below) are provided, all history updates will update the context for Rollbar using the location.pathname as the value.

import Rollbar from 'rollbar';
import { createBrowserHistory } from 'history';
import { Provider } from '@rollbar/react';

// same configuration you would create for the Rollbar.js SDK
const rollbarConfig = {
  accessToken: 'POST_CLIENT_ITEM_ACCESS_TOKEN',
  environment: 'production',
};

const rollbar = new Rollbar(rollbarConfig);

const history = createBrowserHistory();

history.listen(historyContext(rollbar));

Controlling historyContext behavior with options

The historyContext factory function accepts options as a 2nd argument that allow you to control the behavior of how and when the context will be set for the Rollbar.js client. Use the formatter option to provide a function that will receive the history change event and return a String that you would like to be set as the context for Rollbar.

The signature is formatter(location, action): String where location is history.location and action is history.action.

The other option is filter which you can provide to tell the historyContext listener you create to control which history updates will change the context for Rollbar. All truthy values will tell the listener to make the change. Any falsy values will skip the update.

The signature is filter(location, action): Boolean where location is history.location and action is history.action.

Here's an example using both:

import Rollbar from 'rollbar';
import { createBrowserHistory } from 'history';
import { Provider } from '@rollbar/react';

// same configuration you would create for the Rollbar.js SDK
const rollbarConfig = {
  accessToken: 'POST_CLIENT_ITEM_ACCESS_TOKEN',
  environment: 'production',
};

const rollbar = new Rollbar(rollbarConfig);

const ROUTE_PARAMS_RE = /\/\d+/g;

const historyListener = historyContext(rollbar, {
  // optional: default uses location.pathname
  formatter: (location, action) => location.pathname.replace(ROUTE_PARAMS_RE, ''),
  // optional: true return sets Rollbar context
  filter: (location, action) => !location.pathname.includes('admin'),
});
const unlisten = history.listen(historyListener);

Hooks

The following hooks are available as named imports from @rollbar/react for use in Functional Components making use of the React Hooks API introduced in React 16.8.

Reliance on Provider

All of these hooks below require there to be a Provider in the React Tree as an ancestor to the component using the hook.

useRollbar hook

To consume the Rollbar.js instance directly from the Provider in your React Tree and make use of the client API within your [Functional Component], use the useRollbar hook which will return the instance from the currently scoped React Context.

Below is a basic example:

import { useRollbar } from '@rollbar/react';

function ContactDetails({ contactId }) {
  const rollbar = useRollbar(); // <-- must have parent Provider
  const [contact, setContact] = useState();

  useEffect(async () => {
    try {
      const { data } = await getContactFromApi(contactId);
      setContact(data.contact);
    } catch (error) {
      rollbar.error('Error fetching contact', error, { contactId });
    }
  }, [contactId]);

  return (
    <div>
      …
    </div>
  );
}

useRollbarContext hook

As an alternative to the RollbarContext component, you can use the useRollbarContext hook in your [Functional Component] to set the context in the Rollbar.js client provided by the Provider above in the React Tree.

Here's an example showing its use in several components:

// src/pages/HomePage.js
import { useRollbarContext } from '@rollbar/react';

function HomePage(props) {
  useRollbarContext('home#index');

  return (
    <div>
      …
    </div>
  );
}

// src/pages/UsersPage.js
import { useRollbarContext } from '@rollbar/react';
import UserTable from '../components/users/UserTable';

function UsersPage(props) {
  useRollbarContext('users#list');

  return (
    <UserTable data={props.users} />
  );
}

// src/pages/UserDetailsPage.js
import { useRollbarContext } from '@rollbar/react';
import UserDetails from '../components/users/UserDetails';

function UserDetailsPage(props) {
  useRollbarContext('users#details');

  return (
    <UserDetails user={props.user} />
  );
}

useRollbarPerson hook

In Rollbar, it's very useful to log the identity of a person or user using your App for 2 major reasons:

  1. It allows you to know exactly who has been affected by an item or error in your App
  2. It allows Rollbar to tell you the impact a given item or error is having on your users

To make it convenient and easy to set the identity of a person in your React App, the @rollbar/react package has the userRollbarPerson hook.

To use it, simply pass an Object that has keys and values used to identify an individual user of your App, and for any future events or messages logged to Rollbar will include that person data attached to the log.

Below is a simple example of using it once the current user has been determined:

import { useState } from 'react';
import { useRollbarPerson } from '@rollbar/react';
import LoggedInHome  from './LoggedInHome';
import LoggedOutHome from './LoggedOutHome';

function Home() {
  const [currentUser, setCurrentUser] = useState();

  useEffect(async () => {
    const user = await Auth.getCurrentUser();
    if (user) {
      useRollbarPerson(user);
    }
    setCurrentUser(user);
  });

  if (currentUser != null) {
    return <LoggedInHome />;
  }

  return <LoggedOutHome />;
}

useRollbarCaptureEvent hook

Rollbar.js already provides automated Telemetry with the default configuration autoInstrument: true in the client which will capture useful telemetry events and data for you.

To provide more breadcrumbs that are useful for identifying the cause of an item or error, you can add your own capture events that will be included in the Telemetry of a Rollbar item with the useRollbarCaptureEvent hook.

The useRollbarCaptureEvent hook is designed to capture a new event in your [Functional Component] any time the metadata or level you provide to the hook changes. On re-renders, no event is captured if there is not a change to the references provided to those 2 arguments (utilizing the dependencies array arg underneath within the call to the built-in React useEffect hook).

Below is an example showing use of useRollbarCaptureEvent in the render cycle of a [Functional Component] to send a telemetry event related to the data that will be rendered in the component:

import { useEffect, useState } from 'react';
import { useRollbar, useRollbarCaptureEvent, LEVEL_INFO } from '@rollbar/react';

function BookDetails({ bookId }) {
  const rollbar = useRollbar(); // <-- must have ancestor Provider, same with useRollbarCaptureEvent
  const [book, setBook] = useState();

  useEffect(async () => {
    try {
      const { data } = await getBook(bookId);
      setBook(data.book);
    } catch (error) {
      rollbar.error('Error fetching book', error, { bookId }); // <-- use rollbar to log errors as normal
    }
  }, [bookId]);

  useRollbarCaptureEvent(book, LEVEL_INFO); // <-- only fires when book changes

  return (
    <div>
      …
    </div>
  )
}

Updated 22 days ago


React


React JS instructions for new library released April 2021

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